Although some bites may seem small and innocuous, do not provide your own treatment for a dog bite injury at home. It is extremely important to seek the care from a doctor even more important if the dog who bit you is a stranger, or if the bite is deep, with excessive bleeding, or if there are any signs of infection such as redness at the site of the wound, swelling or pus. Dog bites often result in a serious infection which requires antibiotic treatment.
First aid care immediately after the dog bite is critical. As soon as possible, place a clean towel over the injury to stop the bleeding and keep the bite area elevated. Next, wash the bite area completely with soap and warm water and apply a sterile bandage. Get to a doctor as soon as possible for professional evaluation of the wound and treatment.
The doctor will need some information to be able to properly decide on a course of action and the correct treatment for the dog attack injuries. One key question will be to determine if you know who the owner of the dog is and their location. This will enable authorities to contact the owner to determine if the dog up to date on all vaccinations, most important of all, rabies. Other questions may be to help ascertain whether the bite occurred because the dog was provoked, or was the dog unprovoked, and attacked without warning? It is also important to let the Dr. know about any underlying medical conditions you have. Certain conditions such as liver disease, autoimmune disorders and diabetes are particularly sensitive and can be at a much greater risk for a more dangerous infection.
The medical exam will include a thorough examination of the dog bite injury to determine how deep the bite is. A deep bite can cause damage to muscles, tendons, nerves, and even bones. The doctor will carefully clean the bite area. This will help to remove any dirt or bacteria. Sutures may be used to close a dog bite wound, but perhaps not. Some doctors feel that while suturing the site of the injury may reduce scarring, it also may increase the chance of an infection occurring. the type of wound and also it’s location may determine whether stitches are taken. Facial wounds from dog bites may be sutured as a method of preventing visible scars. If the wounds are very deep, the damage may need to be repaired surgically, and then plastic surgery will be done to cover up scarring.